The country is also Europe's leading service provider in ocean freight, which is not surprising as its economy largely depends upon exports. Notable examples of coastal land reclamation include Hong Kong, Singapore, the Netherlands and … The official portal Business.gov.nl provides comprehensive information on the government measures to help businesses to deal with the economic impacts of the COVID-19 epidemic on their activity, as well as a FAQ section for entrepreneurs. Please check the spelling. Numerous shallow, salt or freshwater lakes were pumped dry, changing the lakes into polders. However, the unemployment rate increase to 5.5% in 2020, coming from a pre-crisis record low of 3.4%. These persistent pumping activities have caused substantial land subsidence in … The survey measures freedom according to two broad categories: political rights and civil liberties. CDR approaches land reclamation schemes in such a way that impact on the maritime environment is minimised, while proving new space to live, work and leisure. Similarly, the debt-to-GDP ratio jumped to 59.3% in 2020 (from 48.4% one year earlier), and should stabilize around 61% in 2021-22. But following the draining of the Zuider Zee, it has, since the 1940s, formed part of the land reclaimed from the sea. Land reclamation has been a common practice to produce valuable land in coastal areas. Driving along a road near the town of Ens in the north of the Netherlands, looking closely out the window at the right time, I can see a bit of land that’s slightly higher than the area around it. Rotterdam Land Reclamation, March 27, 2010. These persistent pumping activities have caused substantial land subsidence in the areas surrounding these polders. Services and tourism were heavily affected, whereas towards the end of the year manufacturing and consumption expenditure recorded only a partial rebound. For the latest economic outlook due to the Covid-19 pandemic, please consult the OECD Economic Outlook Interim Report Coronavirus (Covid-19): Living with uncertainty and the IMF's policy tracking platform Policy Responses to COVID-19 for the key economic responses from governments. The trend inverted in 2020, when the measures taken to contain the COVID-19 epidemic (estimated at 6.5% of GDP) caused the deepest public deficit since 1995, at 7.2% of GDP. This sector produces high yields, which is due in part to the intensive farming of arable land. Minimal socio -ecological impacts Large-scale High-tech and intensive Severe socio ecological impacts. The business rankings model measures the quality or attractiveness of the business environment in the 82 countries covered by The Economist Intelligence Unit’s Country Forecast reports. An over 4-km long dike has been attached to the mainland off the coast of Rotterdam. It could just be a low hill, I suppose. Source: The Economist - Business Environment Rankings 2014-2018. The Port of Rotterdam is already Europe’s biggest port, but the Maasvlakte 2 expansion will triple its container capacity in one bold stroke. | COVID-19 Country Response. Two case studies are then analysed using the proposed model: a port development project (Maasvlakte 2, Rotterdam, the Netherlands) and a beach reclamation project (Amager Strand, Copenhagen, Denmark). Land reclamation has been increasingly seen as a solution to this. Also the Netherlands had to reclaim their land because there were lots of more people moving into the Netherlands and needed a place to live. Source: 2019 Index of Economic Freedom, Heritage Foundation. To compile this index, Reporters Without Borders (RWB) prepared a questionnaire incorporating the main criteria (44 in total) to assess the situation of press freedom in a given country. For further details on the measures that have been implemented in the country, consult the dedicated page on the website of the Dutch government.For the international outlook you can consult the latest travel updates available on the IATA website. The official governmental portal Business.gov.nl provides detailed information on the economic recovery scheme put in place in the Netherlands to address the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. During 2020, the political landscape in the Netherlands was characterized by the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic and its economic consequences. The agricultural sector represents 1.6% of the country's GDP and employs 2% of the active population (World Bank, 2019). 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