Among those detained and charged with serious offences, including in some cases the colonial-era crime of sedition, was Varun Patel, a protest leader, just hours before he due to give an interview to The Telegraph. The 27-year-old Patel is not just a fiery orator for the Patidar cause, but also talks about issues that affect youth, farmers and small businesses, which have found wider resonance among the people of Gujarat, across classes and castes. Up to 50 per cent of such positions are ring-fenced for Dalits (previously known as the “untouchables”), tribal peoples and social groupings designated together as “other backward classes” (OBCs), whose ranks include Mr Modi, a tea-seller’s son. Gujarat police chief PC Thakur told the AFP news agency that at least a … And so it happened that in the winter of 2011, Rahul Gandhi was touring Uttar Pradesh ahead of state assembly polls. Last month, the Congress elevated Hardik Patel, 26, to the post of working president of its Gujarat unit. As tensions deepened last week, five men were arrested with a can of petrol and threatening self-immolation if Hardik Patel was not released, while other Patels threatened to convert religion to change their caste. The politically dominant group is … the home that they share with Narendra Modi, the prime minister, Dalits (previously known as the “untouchables”). In the reverse of the usual desire for upward mobility in life, young people from a populous Indian caste long regarded as prosperous and privileged have been staging violent protests as they clamour for a downgrade to “backward” status. The public prominence of Hardik Patel and the nature of ticket distribution among candidates of both parties has led to political scientists and commentators noting that this time on, Gujarat is back to caste politics. Hardik Patel. Beni Verma quit the Congress after the 2014 elections to join the SP and remained a Rajya Sabha member till his death this year. Gujarat Chief Minister Anandiben Patel is a Patidar. Sardar of Patels Modi succeeded in claiming the legacy of Sardar Patel, but he is not Patel by caste. A 22-year-old Indian has become the face of massive caste protests which have shut down Ahmedabad, the main city in Prime Minister Narendra Modi's home state of Gujarat. The scenes that awaited Verma and others at the meeting were reported by papers the next day. His party even claimed, incorrectly, that he was the first OPC prime minister. At the village level, their word usually is final. Pride is the first characteristic of a Patel in Gujarati literature. Even if it meant keeping top party leaders waiting for a while. Mrs Patel has maintained loyalty to her party rather than caste, however, offering only limited concessions in the form of increased student financial aid. For example, Mr Modi presents himself as a post-caste leader but played the "caste and quota cards" himself last week as he campaigned for crucial state elections in the eastern region of Bihar, one of the country’s poorest. The Samajwadi Party had suffered a setback in the general election. She belonged to Kurmi Kshatriya caste. The lack of any support base among OBC communities proved fatal for the Congress in the Hindi heartland. Verma, an old and trusted lieutenant of Mulayam Singh Yadav, had fallen out with the Samajwadi Party president with the rise of Amar Singh’s clout. Despite repeated interventions by Rahul, the sloganeering did not stop. Prime Minister Narendra Modi, whose home state is Gujarat, appealed for calm. They have significant population in these states: Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Delhi. In the Rohilkhand region, the Kurmis are economically and socially upwardly mobile and are aligned to the BJP. Patel is an Indian surname, predominantly found in the state of Gujarat representing the community of land-owning farmers and later (with the British East India Company) businessmen, agriculturalists and merchants. In UP, in the absence of a pan-state leader, the community aligned itself with different political parties under the influence of the local leadership. Of the 162 members of the Gujarat legislative assembly, 37 belong to the community. And perhaps the biggest if one were to consider their spread across north, western and central India. For the past week the western Indian state of Gujurat has seen a prominent community known as the Patels holding mass rallies led by a charismatic 22-year-old political activist. He completed Bachelor of Science (BSc) from Bharuch’s Shree Jayendra Puri Arts and Science College, South Gujarat University, Surat in 1976. Patels or Patidars comprise some 20 percent of Gujarat's 63m strong population, but their reputation extends far beyond the north western state in India. Figures suggest that Patels can influence election results in 70-80 out of 182 Assembly constituencies in Gujarat. Barot Vahivancha Charan, Gadhvi, Gadhavi (where they are not Scheduled Tribe) -do- 5. And it seems to have paid rich dividends. Word reached the MP from Gonda who was also a minister in the Manmohan Singh government. The Patidars of Gujarat used the Bharatiya Janata Party as a political vehicle to reclaim their dominant position in the state politics. The guiding ideas were samaj sudharo (social reform) and samaj seva (social service). The Kurmis are numerically the largest land-proprietary backward caste group after the Yadavs in UP and Bihar. Ahead of an election meeting in central UP, Rahul stopped the convoy and sought to know where Verma was? Ahir Ayar Bericha -do- 3. His successor, Anandiben Patel, is a Patel, but hasn’t filled the vacuum left by Modi. The BJP appropriated Sardar Patel to challenge Jawaharlal Nehru’s legacy. India's 15% of business and Gujarat's 70% of business owners are Patel. “Many Patels are facing economic hardship now and we need our share of the reservation quotas.”. No 1 surname in Gujarat, No2 2 surname in India, comes no 11 in world. Wiki/Biography. They are spreaded all over the world. Organisers accuse authorities of misusing power as Patel caste members continue to demand jobs in Gujarat. This mobilisation was aimed to polarise and pit mid-segment land-owning proprietary castes like Jats, Yadavs and Kurmis against the upper and lower castes. "For all intents and purposes, Patel and Patidar are the same," says Nilam. The agitation by the Patels has so shaken the government in Gujarat – the home that they share with Narendra Modi, the prime minister - that the authorities been rounding up key organisers. Mayawati was in power. Caste violence and atrocity is a common occurrence in Bhadraniya village, where only about 45 households are of Dalits. whose humble background is nonetheless generally viewed as the equivalent of lower middle-class in Indian terms. Priti Patel, MP, the environment minister. In Chhattisgarh, the Congress chose Bhupesh Baghel over TS Singh Deo as the chief minister after an emphatic victory in the last assembly polls. But as the cost of education soars and land-holdings have been divided into smaller parcels, a new generation of Patels claim that they are the ones suffering discrimination by their exclusion from jobs and college places set aside for lower castes. Aakar Patel arrested, then bailed for three tweets on Modi, BJP-RSS & Ghanchi Caste: Gujarat. Traditionally the surname is a status name referring to the village chieftains throughout during medieval ages and was later retained as successive generations stemmed out into communities of land owners, including among Patidars, Kolis, some Parsis and Muslims. The Congress had romped home with an impressive 20-plus tally from the state in the 2009 Lok Sabha polls to win another term at Centre. However, while caste is definitely back in the 2017 electoral politics, this time its nature is different and so are its demands. She is a Leuva Patel (the supposed descendants of Luv), who constitute 8-10 per cent of the state's population. Fresh clashes were reported overnight and the … Nana Patole first challenged Nitin Gadkari in the 2019 Lok Sabha polls. On 3 October 2001 he replaced Patel as Chief Minister of Gujarat, with the responsibility of preparing the BJP for the December 2002 elections. Patel caste is one of the most progressive communities in India. The Gujarat stand-off has also pitched millions of Patidars against one of their own in the form of Anandiben Patel, Mr Modi’s BJP successor as chief minister. They denounced police brutality when protests were broken up with several deaths. He contended that the real motivation for the Patels was a desire to maintain their grip on privilege in Gujarat. The caste mobilisation started more than a century back during British India when one Kunvarjibhai V Mehta, a Leuva Patel from south Gujarat, established Patidar Yuvak Mandal in 1908, publishing "caste journals, holding caste meetings and founding caste hostels" for students of the community. But it also intimately tied to the cut and thrust of 21st century politics in the world’s largest democracy as politicians consolidate their support among so-called “vote banks”. The Kurmis are a decisive vote bank in pockets of the Chota Nagpur Plateau in Jharkhand. This was the Congress’s first tryst with backward— especially Kurmi— politics. Technically, the caste is called "Patidar," and Patel is the most common last name among its members. The first MP to defect from the BJP to Congress during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s first innings was a Kunbi from Maharashtra. The caste mobilisation started more than a century back during British India when one Kunvarjibhai V Mehta, a Leuva Patel from south Gujarat, established Patidar Yuvak Mandal in 1908, publishing "caste journals, holding caste meetings and founding caste hostels" for students of the community. There are roughly 500,000 Pat… And, Patidars determine the outcome in 62-65 assembly seats where they have a strong presence. Bafan (Muslim) -do- 4. The Congress saw an opportunity and reaped the benefits of an apparent split in the SP vote base. In eastern UP and Bundelkhand, Kurmi leaders like Jang Bahadur Patel and Sone Lal Patel helped the Bahujan Samaj Party make initial inroads into the community in the early 1990s. Baghel comes from the Kurmi community which is a decisive voter in the rice-bowl in central Chhattisgarh— sandwiched between the tribal-dominated Bastar division in the south and Sarguja forests in the north. “In … In Awadh region, for instance, the SP had a hold over the Kurmi votes due to Verma. Verma’s induction into the Congress just ahead of the 2009 Lok Sabha polls had helped the party win six seats in areas where he held sway in which the backward Kurmi community had pockets of influence: Gonda, Barabanki, Bahraich, Shravasti, Faizabad and Kheri. The showdown reflects the ingrained influence of India’s caste system, which dates back more than 2,000 years and was entrenched by the British in their divide and rule administration of the Raj. Patidars have been the most influential political community in Gujarat since Independence. Tension prevails in India's Gujarat state where two days of caste-related violence has left eight people dead. Except for a short period under Anandiben Patel, Gujarat has had a non-Patidar CM for almost two decades. This list may not reflect recent changes (). When the BJP came to power, building a larger social coalition under the pan-community Hindu umbrella, the chief ministership went to Keshubhai Patel. In Bihar they have been largely aligned to the Janata Dal (United) because of Nitish Kumar. He insisted that the struggle would continue, despite the police clampdown on his comrades when the authorities at one stage suspended Internet services to prevent word spreading and counter-protests being organised. Beni Prasad Verma preferred to have his smoke before anything else. Of about 6 crore population of Gujarat, Patels constitute 1.5 crore. Santosh Gangwar has won all but one election from Bareilly since 1989. Though Gujarat has a Patel chief minister – Anandiben Patel – she isn’t considered a Patel leader, like Keshubhai Patel was. In Gujarat, too, the Congress chose to nominate a young Patidar representative in Paresh Danani as leader of opposition in the assembly after a closely fought election in 2017. This strategic move, a few months before eight assembly by-polls and local elections, transfigures the state’s politics and Gujarat Congress in critical ways. Those who knew Verma made allowances for the tallest Kurmi leader in the Awadh region. And the movement’s firebrand champion Hardik Patel, a 22-year-old farmer’s son already in jail, lost a new court challenge to quash charges that he was plotting to overthrow the state. Outside Uttar Pradesh, the Kurmis go by various other caste names: the Kunbis in Maharashtra, Patidar or Kurmis in Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. Jagdambika Pal is now a BJP MP. Modi was sworn in as Chief Minister on 7 October 2001,  and entered the Gujarat state legislature on 24 February 2002 by winning a by-election to the Rajkot – II constituency, defeating Ashwin Mehta of the INC by 14,728 votes. And Mr Modi warned darkly that “other communities” might take away the quota benefits of Bihar’s OPC classes if his Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) does not win the November 8 vote that is widely seen as a barometer of his administration’s domestic success. And then we moved ahead to our next destination,” Verma, a raconteur par excellence, who passed away this year, told this reporter many years ago during an interaction at his home on Delhi’s Kushak Road. In recent days, the police have rounded up leaders of protests that previously brought the commercial capital of Ahmedebad to a standstill and have continued across Gujarat. Caste associations in Gujarat were formed mainly among upper castes to provide welfare (including recreation), to promote modern education, and to bring about reforms in caste customs. He has also played domestic cricket and participated in IPL. But leaders of Gujarat’s lower castes have made clear that they do not want any company from “affluent” Patels on their rung of the social ladder. We will come to that a little later. The BBC's … “We are poor, landless and uneducated communities, who need quotas to give us a level playing field. But by the end of the meeting, they decided overwhelmingly to accord Mr Modi a “grand welcome” when he arrives in London. In fact, one well-known Modi biographer informally called her a “dummy chief minister”! Bhadraniya has about 4,000 residents. He belongs to Patidar Caste from Gujarat which is also known as Kurmi Kshatriya in Uttar Pradesh , Bihar, Chhattisgarh etc. He's a QAnon Supporter, Confused Americans Think the Rioter's Name Who Stole Podium from US Capitol is 'Via Getty', Shahid Kapoor's Kabir Singh Co-star Vanita Kharat Bares it All for Calendar Shoot Promoting Body Positivity, In Her Third Trimester of Pregnancy, Anushka Steps Out For a Lunch With Hubby Virat, In pics: Mallika Sherawat Welcomes 2021 with a Glamorous Holiday in Kerala. “Rahul ji waited for me. Patels are influential in 70-80 constituencies. By contrast, the Patels – the family name of the Patider caste – are traditional landholders who over the years gained important roles in politics and commerce in Gujarat, a major trading hub. Hardik Patel rejected the offer as a derisory “lollipop” or political sweetener. A meeting of the All India Kurmi Mahasabha was held in Ahmedabad in 1913. Hardik and Danani’s appointment is aimed to fill that void. “The so-called ‘Gujarat model’ of economic development under Mr Modi was much-hyped but the reality is very different. File photo of Patidar leader Hardik Patel (PTI). For some time around this period there was a concerted attempt to bring other agrarian communities like Marathas from Maharashtra, Patels from Gujarat, the Reddy clan from Andhra and Vokkaligas from Karnataka on one platform. Following the recent raids, Harikesh Patel, 24, a businessman’s son, stepped in to speak to The Telegraph at a late-evening meeting. The Patidar Yuvak Mandal was renamed Vallabh Seva Mandal in 1962. The Congress continues to strive to find its feet in Uttar Pradesh, the state which sends 80 MPs to the Lok Sabha. In the south, though, the Congress post-Independence was more accommodating of middle-segment agrarian communities for political mobilisation. Mr Modi is due to address more than 60,000 mainly Gujarati Indian expatriates at Wembley Stadium in one of the highlights of a visit that will also involve lunch with the Queen at Buckingham Palace and several meetings with David Cameron. ... “The Patels are a single caste with common social practices stretched across several classes. There are more interesting stastics on surname Patel in Great Britain. “If you do not give us our right, we will snatch it,” said Hardik Patel declared in typically confrontational form at one rally. A few Congress leaders present on the stage that day have moved on. So the verdict of the Patel community leaders who met at Patidar House in Wembley recently was a major relief to the Modi camp – and doubtless to Pridi Patel, who has played a key role in organising the trip. Their demands of government are two-pronged: either end the reservation system – a move that would be electoral suicide for any politician - or re-classify them as OBCs. DISCLAIMER : Views expressed above are the author's own. Verma was enjoying a quiet smoke in a car away from the UP Congress’s troupe led by Rita Bahuguna Joshi (now in BJP). “They want the labourer’s son to stay a labourer, and the master’s son to stay a master.”. Ahmedabad: The Congress’ decision Saturday to name Hardik Patel working president of its Gujarat unit is a move that goes beyond his Patidar caste identity. The party’s investment on political leadership in the Reddy community in Andhra and Vokkaligas in Karnataka has paid dividends and helped the Congress survive in these states after fizzling out of contention in UP and Bihar. The Patidars or Patels of Gujarat, however, are politically the most organised and influential. Patels, the traditional land-owning, rich-farmer community (constituting 15 percent of Gujarat’s population, going by the last caste census of 1931), was peeved at being sidelined. We will not allow our quotas to be slashed to accommodate Patels or any other community.”. For the first four decades after Independence, the Congress in north, west and central India sought to build its social coalitions by stitching together an alliance between the upper caste and the most marginalised communities like Dalits, tribals and Muslims. A record which stands intact till date. The prime minister, whose humble background is nonetheless generally viewed as the equivalent of lower middle-class in Indian terms, compared his roots to those of Bihar’s most impoverished. Caste Shadow: Hardik Patel's Elevation in Gujarat Part of Congress's Long-running Kurmi Experiment Across Key States, ISL 2020-21 HIGHLIGHTS, Kerala Blasters vs Odisha FC: Diego Mauricio Scores a Brace as Odisha Beat Kerala 4-2, Lava MyZ Is An Android Phone You Can Completely Customize, And These Aren't Basic Upgrades Either, A Man in a Horn Hat Posed For Photos as Violence Unfolded at US Capitol. At stake in the unconventional class struggle is access to millions of government jobs and free college places allocated to lower castes under the “reservation system” of affirmative action to counter ingrained discrimination. They can be identified as Leuva Patel or Kadva Patel. The Congress’s Kurmi experiment in the past one decade is a paradigm shift from the party’s traditional strategies and ways to move away from its means and methods to gain political dominance in many states. Patidars have been the most influential political community in Gujarat since Independence. File photo: The numerically and economically strong Patel community of Gujarat converged in Ahmedabad in large numbers to take part in the rally, which brought the city to a grinding halt, File photo: The numerically and economically strong Patel community of Gujarat converged in Ahmedabad in large numbers to take part in the rally, Boris Johnson condemns Donald Trump after US Capitol violence, Boris Johnson: everyone in UK will be within 10 miles of their nearest vaccination centre, Fifty per cent more coronavirus patients in hospital than at peak of first wave, My beloved Republican party lies in tatters – and it must bear its share of the blame, Motherwell to appoint Graham Alexander as manager. It still seeps through all walks of life in a country where everyone’s caste is known and most Indians continue to marry within their own. Gujarat’s OBCs give short shrift to such claims. New generation fights unconventional class war, claiming their once affluent caste is now at a disadvantage when jobs are set aside for lower-born Indians. & Date 1. In the process, the Congress managed to harvest a large section of the most-backward caste dependent on land-owning backward communities for sustenance. “The Patels may once have been rich, but many are becoming poor,” he said. CENTRAL LIST OF OBCs FOR THE STATE OF GUJARAT Entry No Caste/ Community Resolution No. Read more: Hardik Patel - face of Gujarat caste protests Police said some 70 buses were torched by the protesters. And it spread to America when some expatriate Gujarati Patel caste members demonstrated outside appearances by Mr Modi on his trip there in October. British Raj first recognised them as separate caste in 1931. BJP aides have been busy working with the leader of Britain’s Patel community to avoid any embarrassing protests by his fellow Gujaratis when he visits the UK for a high-profile trip in November. Hardik Patel began his political career in 2015, attending to the Patel community’s demand for recognition as an Other … And now Hardik Patel has been appointed the state working president. The community has a strong presence in Vidarbha. Bawa, Atit Bawa Goswami Vairagi Bawa Gosai Coming back to Rahul Gandhi’s tour or UP in 2011, at a public meeting in his home town, Verma was shouted down by a section of the old Congressis. Patels in northern Gujarat were very prominent farmers as well. Rajasthan is an exception, where the party could manage to survive due to a varied socio-political landscape where leadership in mid-segment castes among Jats and OBCs have lent the necessary heft to the party to remain in contention. Patel says the state has become intolerant of dissent. Parthiv Patel: He is an Indian cricketer, wicket keeper-batsman who is a member of Indian cricket team. Considered as strong BJP supporters till recently, Patels are an influential community in Gujarat. By contrast, the Patels – the family name of the Patider caste – are traditional landholders who over the years gained important roles in politics and commerce in Gujarat, a major trading hub. They have travel alot not just by air or sea. Political analysts see BJP in Gujarat as a Patel party. They are also one of the country’s best-known castes internationally, with a major diaspora across North America and Britain where their numbers include Priti Patel, MP, the environment minister. Agri 12011/68/93-BCC(C) dt 10.09.1993 2. Bavri or Baori -do- 6. Pages in category "Social groups of Gujarat" The following 159 pages are in this category, out of 159 total. "In recent years, education level has gone up in certain communities from OBC and children are getting government jobs, which has upset the Patels, who believe that it's their monopoly,” he said. They are also known as Patidar in various states of India. The rallies, which ended in at least 10 deaths, were often accompanied by the distinctive clanking of rolling pins against thalis (steel dining plates) by Patidar women. He is now the speaker of the Maharashtra assembly. He has been asked to hand over the devices used to post the tweets in question. World's sixth Richest surname that is PATEL. The Patels … The Patidar dominance in Gujarat polity was challenged by Madhavsinh Solanki in the early 1980s when his Kshatriya-Harijan-Aadivasi-Muslim (KHAM) combination won more than 150 seats in the 183-member assembly. The Patel movement has ignited similar protests by castes long viewed as privileged in other states. Patel (Gujarati પટેલ, paṭel, pronounced petil) is a surname of Indian origin, originally meaning "headman" or "village chief" The name Patel derives from Patlikh, the record keeper named by princely rulers in Gujarat to keep track of the crops, pat being a parcel of land. Gujarat, long a mostly loyal bastion of Narendra Modi and his Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), has been facing a series of strikes and protests by members of the Patidar (Patel) community, a caste … Ahmed Patel was born on Sunday, 21 August 1949 (age 71 years; at the time of death), in Piraman village located in Bharuch district of Gujarat.His full name was Ahmedbhai Mohammedbhai Patel. "We will not let the Patel agitation succeed in snatching away the quotas which are meant for us,” said Alpesh Thakor, 25, who has organised counter-protests by communities that receive benefits. Rita Joshi, then UP unit chief is now in the BJP along with her brother Vijay Bahuguna. 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Poor, ” he said been largely aligned to the BJP along with her brother Vijay Bahuguna, and...., Patel and Patidar are the author 's own reaped the benefits of an apparent split the., Yadavs and Kurmis against the upper and lower castes by the protesters and socially upwardly and! Their grip on privilege in Gujarat since Independence to maintain their grip on privilege in Gujarat rich, many!