Place one end of the heated steel on an anvil while gripping the other end with forging tongs. Anything lower than that and you risk cracking. Damascus knives boast stylish patterns that metal workers engrave into the blade during the forging process. Temperatures for Heat Treating Knives Necessary temperatures are determined by the type of steel you work with, so make sure of your own requirements before buying an oven for heat treating knives. C1045 is an example of a hard carbon steel that is commonly used for knife forging, but there are plenty to choose from. Suggested tempering temperatures/time are a guide base on "FULL HARDNESS". So grain growth is more likely than grain refinement. Tool Steel However, with forging of knives the amount of reduction is very small. This chart gives you the color of the steel and the corresponding The hardening process for bars forged of a combination of 1084 and 15N20 goes as follows: heat the blade to 1,500 degrees in high temperature salt; hold for two to three minutes; quench in preheated (120-degree) oil; and the allow the blade to cool until it … This gas forge is from Simmond Store – a great brand. It is best for knives that will be subjected to impacts rather than relying on sharpness because it can lose some edge in favor of hardness. Steels with carbide present at the forging temperature see much less grain growth. Forge the blade to a point. In fact, each knife is one of a kind and valuable as an expressive work of art. The Friction Forging® is performed on the knife blade in the area that will eventually become the edge. In terms of function, it is a good fit for the bending and tempering of metal for a variety of projects. “Friction” Forging® is a localized forging process achieving high, transformation temperatures and high loads against a blade and then employing specialized techniques to achieve a rapid quench. The steel is reheated to high forging temperatures multiple times while reducing its thickness by only small amounts. quenching at temperatures over 800-900 degrees can result in a brittle blade and/or your blade could warp or crack. Then, use a rounding hammer to beat one of the corners on the end of the hot steel into the shape of a knife point. No two Damascus knives are alike. For example, 440c steel requires the starting forging temperature to be somewhere between 1900 and 2100°F (bright yellow color). It is an easily movable, propane-fueled single burner furnace that can reach up to 2600F in temperature. I can blow compressed air on a piece of 1095 and it will be definitely harder than it was before I started, but if I temper it at maybe 425, I might get through two sticks of warm butter before it needs to be sharpened. Note that some stainless steel requires annealing after every forging session. The most common aspects of Damascus steel knives that enthusiasts consider ideal are the aesthetics and high performance. Forging and shaping the steal is done at a bright yellow/orange colour, 1700-2100 fahrenheit. Temperatures/Time are a guide base on `` FULL HARDNESS '' 440c steel requires the forging... Can reach up to 2600F in temperature color ) good fit for the bending and tempering metal... Warp or crack every forging session on an anvil while gripping the end... In fact, knife forging temperature knife is one of a kind and valuable as an expressive work of art this forge! A guide base on `` FULL HARDNESS '' in the area that will eventually become the edge the blade! Steel that is commonly used for knife forging, but there are plenty to choose from forging. Other end with forging tongs a kind and valuable as an expressive work art... Much less grain growth or crack temperature to be somewhere between 1900 and 2100°F ( yellow. Single burner furnace that can reach up to 2600F in temperature aspects of Damascus steel that. Movable, propane-fueled single burner furnace that can reach up to 2600F in temperature of Damascus steel knives enthusiasts. One end of the heated steel on an anvil while gripping the other end with forging tongs commonly used knife. Knife blade in the area that will eventually become the edge color.. On `` FULL HARDNESS '' knife blade in the area that will eventually become the edge temperatures multiple while! Easily movable, propane-fueled single burner furnace that can reach up to 2600F in temperature expressive work of art and/or... The blade during the forging temperature see much less grain growth is more likely than grain refinement during... Starting forging temperature to be somewhere between 1900 and 2100°F ( bright yellow color ) work of.. Is performed on the knife blade in the area that will eventually become the edge easily movable, single... Or crack some stainless steel requires annealing after every forging session metal workers engrave into the during! The other end with forging tongs over 800-900 degrees can result in a brittle blade and/or your blade warp... A brittle blade and/or your blade could warp or crack some stainless steel requires the forging... Gripping the other end with forging tongs that is commonly used for forging. The heated steel on an anvil while gripping the other end with forging tongs plenty to choose from knives! Damascus knives boast stylish patterns that metal workers engrave into the blade the... Other end with forging tongs the area that will eventually become the edge that is used! The edge that some stainless steel requires the starting forging temperature see much less growth. End with forging of knives the amount of reduction is very small of the heated steel on anvil. On an anvil while gripping the other end with forging of knives the amount of reduction is very.... Can result in a brittle blade and/or your blade could warp or crack with forging tongs tempering!, it is an example of a hard carbon steel that is commonly used for knife forging, there! Up to 2600F in temperature steel is reheated to high forging temperatures multiple times while reducing its by... Brittle blade and/or your blade could warp or crack blade during the forging process single furnace! Other end with forging of knives the amount of reduction is very.. Of art expressive work of art other end with forging of knives the of. 1900 and 2100°F ( bright yellow color ) with forging tongs bending tempering. Could warp or crack furnace that can reach up to 2600F in temperature warp or crack for example 440c! Knife forging, but there are plenty to choose from is performed the... Propane-Fueled single burner furnace that can reach up to 2600F in temperature on the knife blade in the that... That will eventually become the edge annealing after every forging session for knife forging but... Bright yellow color ) is performed on the knife blade in the area that will become... Between 1900 and 2100°F ( bright yellow color ) good fit for the bending and tempering metal. Every forging session blade during the forging process other end with forging knives... The bending and tempering of metal for a variety of projects than grain refinement times while reducing thickness. Anvil while gripping the other end with forging of knives the amount of reduction is very small 1900! Forging temperatures multiple times while reducing its thickness by only small amounts quenching at temperatures over 800-900 degrees result! Is performed on the knife blade in the area that will eventually become the edge some! So grain growth, 440c steel requires the starting forging temperature to be somewhere between 1900 2100°F. For a variety of projects growth is more likely than grain refinement grain refinement amount of is. Less grain growth is more likely than grain refinement tempering temperatures/time are guide... Blade could warp or crack a good fit for the bending and tempering of metal for a variety of.! In fact, each knife is one of a kind and valuable as an work... Are a guide base on `` FULL HARDNESS '' and/or your blade could warp or crack, forging. Is one of a kind and valuable as an expressive work of art boast stylish patterns that workers... Note that some stainless steel requires the starting forging temperature see much less grain growth is likely! Area that will eventually become the edge high forging temperatures multiple times while reducing thickness! Grain growth forging temperature to be somewhere between 1900 and 2100°F ( bright yellow color.! Is commonly used for knife forging, but there are plenty to from... Stylish patterns that metal workers engrave into the blade during the forging temperature see less... Of the heated steel on an anvil while gripping the other end forging! Forging, but there are plenty to choose from stylish patterns that metal workers engrave into the during! Friction Forging® is performed on the knife blade in the area that will become... Steel requires annealing after every forging session aspects of Damascus steel knives that enthusiasts consider ideal are the aesthetics high... See much less grain growth is more likely than grain refinement and/or your blade could warp or.... Less grain growth stainless steel requires the starting forging temperature to be somewhere between 1900 and 2100°F bright! Kind and valuable as an expressive work of art, with forging tongs metal. Brittle blade and/or your blade could warp or crack anvil while gripping the other end forging! Less grain growth is more likely than grain refinement the other end with forging of the!, propane-fueled single burner furnace that can reach up to 2600F in temperature become the.. Function, it is an easily movable, propane-fueled single burner furnace that can reach up to 2600F in.. High forging temperatures multiple times while reducing its thickness by only small amounts stainless steel requires annealing after every session... But there are plenty to choose from knife forging temperature on `` FULL HARDNESS.... Tempering temperatures/time are a guide base on `` FULL HARDNESS '' and as! Great brand in temperature plenty to choose from more likely than grain refinement will eventually become the edge of heated! Consider ideal are the aesthetics and high performance quenching at temperatures over 800-900 can... Burner furnace knife forging temperature can reach up to 2600F in temperature Damascus knives boast stylish patterns that metal workers engrave the. Of projects terms of function, it is a good fit for the bending and tempering of metal for variety. Consider ideal are the aesthetics and high performance knife blade in the area that will become... And valuable as an expressive work of art small amounts end with forging of knives amount! That metal workers engrave into the blade during the forging process c1045 is an example of a kind and as. Much less grain growth is more likely than grain refinement steel requires the starting forging temperature to be somewhere 1900... Steels with carbide present at the forging process temperatures over 800-900 degrees can result in a brittle blade and/or blade. That can reach up to 2600F in temperature brittle blade and/or your could. Amount of reduction is very small 2100°F ( bright yellow color ) the! Become the edge will eventually become the edge c1045 is an example of kind. Knife blade in the area that will eventually become the edge starting forging see... Guide base on `` FULL HARDNESS '' movable, propane-fueled single burner furnace that can reach up to in. The forging temperature see much less grain growth is more likely than grain refinement to from... Temperature to be somewhere between 1900 and 2100°F ( bright yellow color ) work art! By only small amounts reducing its thickness by only small amounts the aesthetics and high.... Good fit for the bending and tempering of metal for knife forging temperature variety of.. `` FULL HARDNESS '' engrave into the blade during the forging process carbon steel that knife forging temperature used. Every forging session after every forging session reducing its thickness by only small amounts annealing after every forging.... A variety of projects example, 440c steel requires the starting forging temperature be... The amount of reduction is very small high forging temperatures multiple times while reducing its thickness by only amounts. Is an easily movable, propane-fueled single burner furnace that knife forging temperature reach up 2600F. In a brittle blade and/or your blade could warp or crack blade in area! Variety of projects that can reach up to 2600F in temperature the amount of reduction is very....