The earthquake left a wave of destruction and death. “Haiti’s Garment Industry: A Lost Cause, or Ready to Change?” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. The Léogâne fault, which cannot be observed at the surface, descends northward at an oblique angle away from the EPG fault system, and many geologists contend that the earthquake resulted from the slippage of rock upward across its plane of fracture. A 2016 report by the organization Doctors Without Borders claimed that cases of cholera had likely been significantly underreported. It crippled the main airport, most of the ports, and almost all the paved roads. October 2010; Nature Geoscience 3(11):778-782; DOI: 10.1038/ngeo988. The 2010 Haiti earthquake left over a million people without homes, hundreds of thousands of people died, and several hundreds of thousands were injured. By NED POTTER. On January 12, 2010, Haiti was hit by a magnitude 7.0 earthquake (Richter scale), which caused devastating damage to its capital, Port-Au-Prince. 2010 Haiti earthquake - 2010 Haiti earthquake - Humanitarian aid: Humanitarian aid was promised by numerous organizations—spearheaded by the United Nations and the International Red Cross—and many countries in the region and around the world sent doctors, relief workers, and supplies in the wake of the disaster. 2010 Haiti earthquake, large-scale earthquake that occurred January 12, 2010, on the West Indian island of Hispaniola, comprising the countries of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Hundreds of thousands of survivors were displaced. 2010 HAITI EARTHQUAKE H. Kit Miyamoto and Amir SJ Gilani Miyamoto International, Sacramento, CA, USA SUMMARY The Mw 7.0 20101 Haiti Earthquake caused extensive damage. The Haiti earthquake didn't impact the U.S. economy much. Further deaths occurred as serious injuries went untreated in the absence of medical staff and supplies. Environmental Migration Portal. Occurring at a depth of 8.1 miles (13 km), the temblor was fairly shallow, which increased the degree of shaking at the Earth’s surface. Haiti earthquake facts damage haiti earthquake facts damage environmental impacts of the haiti haiti earthquake facts damage Roeconomic Impacts Of The 2010 Earthquake In HaitiRoeconomic Impacts Of The 2010 Earthquake In HaitiHaiti Earthquake Facts Damage Effects On EconomyNatural Disasters IndexmundiTop Donors In Haiti Earthquake Response 2010 2016Roeconomic Impacts Of The 2010 Earthquake … The Haitian government’s official count was more than 300,000, but other estimates were considerably smaller. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Preliminary!Reconnaissance!Report! Survivors who were able to access the Internet—and friends and relatives abroad—took to social networking sites such as Twitter and Facebook in search of information on those missing in the wake of the catastrophe. The damage to the infrastructure from the earthquake in Haiti was staggering. The earthquake was generated by contractional deformation along the Léogâne fault, a small hidden thrust fault discovered underneath the city of Léogâne. On the scientific scale that measures the magnitude (or strength) of an earthquake, the quake scored a magnitude of 7.0 M w.The center of the earthquake was near Léogâne, very close to Port-au-Prince, the capital and largest city of Haiti.It was only about 25 kilometres (16 mi) west. On January 12, 2010 at 4:53 pm, a 7.0-magnitude earthquake hit an area about 25 kilometres from Haiti’s capital Port-au-Prince. A household study in Port-au-Prince estimated that 5,209 girls and 324 boys from 1,732 households had been sexually assaulted after the earthquake in 2010. Haiti sits above two tectonic plates, the Caribbean Plate and the North American plate. These plates are rigid parts of the Earth's crust that slide separately on the planet’s molten core. The city, already beset by a strained and inadequate infrastructure and still recovering from the two tropical storms and two hurricanes of August–September 2008, was ill-equipped to deal with such a disaster. The Haiti earthquake occurred along the southern fault, on the enriquillo-plantain garden fault system, stress has known to be building up within this fault system, when the strain finally grew too large, 48-96 km of the rock along the fault failed and gave way causing a sudden release of energy at a depth of 13km beneath the ground. The nations capital, Port-au-Prince, a densely populated city located about 15 miles from the quakes epicenter, suffered widespread devastation. Kimberly Amadeo has 20 years of experience in economic analysis and business strategy. 3  It said that the damage could be as much $13.9 billion over time. Hurricane matthew s impact in figures the haiti earthquake of 2010 impacts of the 2010 earthquake in haiti socio economic consequences Social Impacts Of The 12 January 2010 Haiti EarthquakeSocial Media During An Emergency Haiti EarthquakeHaiti Earthquake Facts Damage Effects On EconomyThe Effect Of Earthquake In HaitiEarthquake Case Study 1 Haiti Geography Myp Gcse DpThe… The earthquake shrank Haiti's gross domestic product by 5.1%. It is estimated that 60% of the nation’s administrative and economic infrastructure was lost, and 80% of the schools and more than 50% of the hospitals were destroyed or damaged (GOH 2010). The 7.0 quake that struck Haiti was the same strength as the Loma Prieta earthquake that struck San Francisco during the 1989 World Series. “Global Humanitarian Overview 2017, Haiti,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. Damage to infrastructure in the 2010 Haiti earthquake was extensive and affected areas included Port-au-Prince, Petit-Goâve, Léogâne, Jacmel and other settlements in southwestern Haiti. President Bush had signed the Haitian Hemispheric Opportunity Through Partnership Encouragement Act in 2006. Feeds from these sites also assisted aid organizations in constructing maps of the areas affected and in determining where to channel resources. The orphans created by these mass mortalities—as well as those whose parents had died prior to the quake—were left vulnerable to abuse and human trafficking. Localized damage caused by topographic amplification during the 2010 M7.0 Haiti earthquake. The many Haitians lacking Internet access were able to contribute updates via text messaging on mobile phones. Also, Haiti must absorb the 250,000 of its citizens returning from the Dominican Republic. But Haiti's quake was 6.2 miles below the surface. In an October 2015 letter to UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, a group of UN human rights experts excoriated the body for using legal loopholes to avoid taking responsibility for the epidemic and thereby undermining its own credibility. 3. The UN asserted in February 2013 that it would not receive compensation claims related to the outbreak, citing its convention on privileges and immunities. The following year the UN finally admitted to playing a role in starting the epidemic, though it did not say that the organization had caused the outbreak. In terms of magnitude, this earthquake wasn't very remarkable; in fact, there were 17 larger earthquakes in 2010 alone. Eighty percent of the population lived below the poverty line. The theoretical damage obtained with these functions shows 421. a better agreement with the observed damage in the moderate, extensive and complete 422. states. The 2010 Haiti earthquake caused a great deal of damage to Haiti's structures as thousands of buildings were not strong enough for an earthquake as thousands of them plummeted to the floor. In 2010, the Inter-American Development Bank estimated that the earthquake created between $7.8 billion and $8.5 billion in damage. It said that the damage could be as much $13.9 billion over time. Seismicity of the Island Haiti and the 12 Jan 2010 earthquake. Really. “Haiti,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. More aftershocks occurred in the following days, including another one of magnitude 5.9 that struck on January 20 at Petit Goâve, a town some 35 miles (55 km) west of Port-au-Prince. “2010 Haiti Earthquake,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. English Map on Haiti about Coordination and Earthquake; published on 12 Jan 2010 by OCHA In October 2013 a U.S.-based group, the Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti, filed a lawsuit in New York City against the UN, seeking compensation on behalf of Haitians affected by the epidemic. Ten years after the earthquake, people in Haiti continue to struggle. “One of the Most Repeated Facts about Haiti is a Lie,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. Without adequate reinforcement, the buildings disintegrated under the force of the quake, killing or trapping their occupants. Haiti's magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck a country whose buildings were barely built to engineering standards and were hopelessly fragile in the grip of such a strong quake. !!!!!Reconnaissance!and!Report!partially!supported!by:!The!Pacific!Earthquake!Engineering!Research!Center!(PEER)! January 14, 2010, 6:02 PM • 4 min read. Operations to rescue those trapped under the wreckage—which had freed over 100 people—had mostly ceased two weeks into the crisis, as hope that anyone could have survived for that length of time without food or water began to fade. Following the establishment of the new parliament in January 2016, Martelly agreed to leave office in February, and an interim president was sworn in that month. Parliamentary elections were held in August 2015, and a second round, alongside a presidential election, was held in October 2015. Over 200,000 people died while over 300,000 were injured and over one million more were rendered homeless. Hope For Haiti Matt Morris Jeff Buckley The 2010 Haiti earthquake was a catastrophic magnitude 7.0 Mw earthquake, with an epicenter near the town of Léogâne and approximately 25 kilometres west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti's capital. The 2010 Haiti earthquake (French: Séisme de 2010 à Haïti; Haitian Creole: Tranblemanntè 12 janvye 2010 nan peyi Ayiti) was a catastrophic magnitude 7.0 M w earthquake, with an epicenter near the town of Léogâne, Ouest department, approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti's capital. In February Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive estimated that 250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged. In the aftermath of the quake, efforts by citizens and international aid organizations to provide medical assistance, food, and water to survivors were hampered by the failure of the electric power system (which already was unreliable), loss of communication lines, and roads blocked with debris. Central Intelligence Agency. In its aftermath, the authors, working with the Haitian Ministry of Public Works developed a comprehensive damage assessment and reconstruction program. The earthquake shrank Haiti's gross domestic product by 5.1%. More than 300,000 homes collapsed or were critically damaged. The announcement came after Ban received a report from a UN adviser who claimed that the epidemic “would not have broken out but for the actions of the United Nations.” In addition, the adviser urged the UN to provide compensation to the victims. LiveScience. The earthquake worsened the situations with a large part of the respondents to the Oxfam survey 2010 blaming the environmental issues for the huge damage incurred during and after the earthquake (Pierre 2010) Conclusion On the wake of January 12, 2010, Haiti was faced by one of the most severe natural tragedies on it is history. Haiti is also vulnerable to damage from natural disasters because of deforestation. The earthquake occurred at 16:53 local time (21:53 UTC) on Tuesday, 12 January 2010. A … Most severely affected was Haiti, occupying the western third of the island. The Haitian government’s official count was more than 300,000, but other … It's Good That China's Growth Is Slowing. IDB. That is partly because two-fifths of all Haitians are subsistence farmers. This is the story of what really happened with the earthquake in Haiti. Photograph: Ricardo Arduengo/AP It sounded like a tornado, followed by a bomb dropping. As the spring rainy season and summer hurricane season approached with reconstruction efforts having made little progress, residents of tent settlements were encouraged by aid agencies to construct more-substantial dwellings using tarpaulins and, later, donated lumber and sheet metal. 1. How VISA, Using Fees Behind its Credit Card, Dominates a Market, Haiti Earthquake Science: What Caused the Disaster. In February Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive estimated that 250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial buildings had collapsed or were severely … Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The shocks were felt throughout Haiti and the Dominican Republic as well as in parts of nearby Cuba, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico. Geologists initially blamed the earthquake on the movement of the Caribbean tectonic plate eastward along the Enriquillo–Plantain Garden (EPG) strike-slip fault system. An aerial view of Port-au-Prince, Haiti, shows the proximity of homes, many damaged in a major earthquake and subsequent aftershocks. Strong aftershocks hit the area within hours of the initial quake. 4. Of these, over one million were left homeless in the immediate aftermath. The 2010 Haiti earthquake (French: Séisme de 2010 à Haïti; Haitian Creole: Tranblemanntè 12 janvye 2010 nan peyi Ayiti) was a catastrophic magnitude 7.0 M w earthquake, with an epicenter near the town of Léogâne, Ouest department, approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti's capital. “Estimating the Direct Economic Damage of the Earthquake in Haiti,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. Normally, credit cards charge a 1% to 3% fee for their use. Haiti Earthquake PDNA: Assessment of damage, losses, general and sectoral needs Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized. Haiti Earthquake Facts, Its Damage, and Effects on the Economy, Natural Disasters Are a Bigger Threat Than Terrorism, How Companies Use the Supply Chain to Get Ahead, How Immigration Effects the Economy and You. Haiti Earthquake: Why So Much Damage? Countries canceled any debt owed to them by Haiti. It led to more than 230 000 deaths and significant physical destructions. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. A comprehensive atlas of all damage caused in Haiti by the magnitude 7.0 earthquake on 12 January 2010 is now available to help planning recovery and reconstruction measures. In 2010, the U.S. Congress extended the Caribbean Basin Trade Preference Agreement. In December 2012 the UN, while not acknowledging that its troops had been vectors of the disease, announced that it would fund a program proposed by the governments of Haiti and the Dominican Republic to rid Hispaniola of cholera by instituting new sanitation and vaccination measures. Waiting for treatment, Haitians suffering from cholera symptoms are helped by other residents, St. Marc, Haiti, October 2010. That number dropped to about 360,000 by the third anniversary. On January 12, 2010, a 7.0 magnitude earthquake-ravaged Haiti. An estimated 230,000 people were killed. Even before the quake, Haiti was the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. Others crowded into undamaged homes owned by extended family members or friends or returned to damaged structures, more than 200,000 of which were either marked for demolition or required major repairs. In the second week of the aftermath, many urbanites began streaming into outlying areas, either of their own volition or as a result of governmental relocation programs engineered to alleviate crowded and unsanitary conditions. According to UNDP, Transparency International (2009), Haiti was … The damaged National Palace in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, after the earthquake that occurred on January 12, 2010. English Map on Haiti about Coordination and Earthquake; published on 12 Jan 2010 by OCHA ... Haiti. Another 300,000 were injured. Numerous government structures were heavily damaged or destroyed, including the presidential palace, parliament building and main prison. In the devastated urban areas, the displaced were forced to squat in ersatz cities composed of found materials and donated tents. By 2011, just when the CIA World Factbook reported that Haiti's economy was starting to recover, two hurricanes hit. By 2014, their GDP was $18.3 billion and grew just 2.3%. The 2010 Haiti earthquake was a very strong earthquake that hit Haiti on January 12, 2010. The combination of widespread deforestation and the recent earthquake in Haiti could lead to more landslides in the already hard-hit country, scientists say. Most severely affected was Haiti, occupying the western third of the island. The news A comprehensive atlas of all damage caused in Haiti by the magnitude 7.0 earthquake on 12 January 2010 is now available to help planning recovery and reconstruction measures. Election observers noted fewer instances of fraud in the runoff, and voter turnout was higher. The field study was conducted from January 26 to February 3, 2010, and included investigations in Port-au-Prince and the heavily damaged … It drew an outpouring of support from around the … Because many hospitals had been rendered unusable, survivors were forced to wait days for treatment and, with morgues quickly reaching capacity, corpses were stacked in the streets. Countless dwellings were reduced to rubble, while hospitals, churches and schools collapsed and roads were blocked with debris. The 2010 catastrophic Haiti earthquake took place on 12 January. Haiti's economy is only one-tenth that of the United States. Compounding the problems in the increasingly disorganized encampments within Port-au-Prince was the return of many people who, months before, had initially retreated to the countryside only to find little opportunity for employment. It was also just 10 miles from the capital of Port-au-Prince. This was the toll of the 2010 Haiti earthquake, which struck on 12 January, nine years ago. The earthquake occurred at 16:53 local time (21:53 UTC) on Tuesday, 12 January 2010. Similarly, Pham et al. Tips for Filing an Insurance Claim After an Earthquake, Those IRS Emails May Be a Scam—Here’s How to Know, Estimating the Direct Economic Damage of the Earthquake in Haiti, One of the Most Repeated Facts about Haiti is a Lie. (At the time of the quake, Haiti la… Map of Haiti depicting the intensity of shaking and the degree of damage incurred by the January 12, 2010, earthquake. Haiti had not been hit by an earthquake of such enormity since the 18th century, the closest in force being a 1984 shock of magnitude 6.9. Farther south the city of Jacmel also sustained significant damage, and to the west the city of Léogâne, even closer to the epicentre than Port-au-Prince, was essentially leveled. More than 600,000 people left Port-au-Prince to stay with families outside the capital. The quake's closeness made its impact much stronger. There is still no consensual official data available, but the International Red Cross estimated that the earthquake affected about 3 million people. Scientists say the earthquake's "hypocenter" was only 9 miles down. It extended HOPE II until 2020 under the Haiti Economic Lift Program Act. Main article: 2010 Haiti earthquake. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck the impoverished country late Tuesday afternoon just outside Port-au-Prince, Haiti’s capital. They were sliding past each other. The theoretical damage obtained with these functions shows 421. a better agreement with the observed damage in the moderate, extensive and complete 422. states. Disasters Emergency Committee. Only Capital One waived fees for all charitable donations made through their credit cards. The quake displaced 1.5 million people. These fees, known as interchange, generate $45 billion a year in revenue for the companies. Capital One, Visa, MasterCard, American Express, and Discover waived fees for donations to relief efforts. The decrease was partly due to a Canadian-sponsored program that provided grants to some of the nearly 30,000 residents of the most-conspicuous camp—located near the collapsed presidential palace on the Champs de Mars—which allowed them to find rental housing or repair existing structures. Most of these donations were made via credit cards. Collapsed buildings in Port-au-Prince. 2010 Haiti earthquake damage3.jpg 3,000 × 2,000; 2.41 MB 2010 Haitian earthquake overflight assessment.jpg 4,256 × 2,832; 5.79 MB Damage to Port-au-Prince harbor 2010 … The disaster claimed 316,000 lives, left 1.5 million homeless and another 1.5 million injured. “How VISA, Using Fees Behind its Credit Card, Dominates a Market,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. In January 2011, Haitian officials announced the revised figure of 316,000 deaths. The earthquake struck just as Haiti’s economy was starting to grow again. The initial shock of 7.0 Mw caused an astounding death toll: between 217,000 and 230,000 were reported dead by the Haitian government and the official estimate has grown to 316,000. 2010 Haiti earthquake damage in Port-au-Prince‎ (86 F) Media in category "2010 Haiti earthquake damage" The following 7 files are in this category, out of 7 total. The 2010 Haiti earthquake was a very strong earthquake that hit Haiti on January 12, 2010. 2010 Haiti earthquake - 2010 Haiti earthquake - Humanitarian aid: Humanitarian aid was promised by numerous organizations—spearheaded by the United Nations and the International Red Cross—and many countries in the region and around the world sent doctors, relief workers, and supplies in the wake of the disaster. The earthquake hit southern Haiti at 4:53 p.m. local time. in English from Illinois State University in 2005. In July 2018, a government announcement of the termination of subsidies led to protests and civil unrest. damaged buildings and rubble following the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Originally slated for December 2015, the runoff was canceled. wrecks of the 2010 earthquake - haiti earthquake damage stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. January 20: While multiple aftershocks are recorded soon after the initial quake, the U.S. Geological Service reports the strongest aftershock is a 5.9 temblor on January 20 that collapses many already damaged buildings. Critics noted, however, that the proposed financial scheme for the project hinged largely on previously promised monies not yet in hand. Human Rights Watch. Black lines show major active faults. Political instability as also largely contributed to the continued existence of its humanitarian crisis. In consequence, it has hindered Haiti’s social and economic development. The New York Times. The quake was the worst in the region in more than 200 years. Damage From Haiti Quake Expected To Surpass Country's GDP : Planet Money The Inter-American Development Bank expects the cost of rebuilding Haiti to … However, allegations of fraud led to demands for a presidential runoff. That's better than the $12 billion produced in 2008. The catastrophic earthquake caused damage and devastation in a country that was previously poor. January 12, 4:53 pm. Fig. Fifty-four percent of the population lived in abject poverty. Looting—restrained in the early days following the quake—became more prevalent in the absence of sufficient supplies and was exacerbated in the capital by the escape of several thousand prisoners from the damaged penitentiary. Because the infrastructure of the country’s computer network was largely unaffected, electronic media emerged as a useful mode for connecting those separated by the quake and for coordinating relief efforts. The draft of a report commissioned by the U.S. government and made public in May 2011 drastically revised the estimate downward to no more than 85,000. A magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck Haiti, killing approximately 250,000 people and displacing another 1.5 million. The quake damaged 294,383 homes and destroyed 106,000 of them. Foreword. The downtown core shows the damage after an earthquake measuring 7 plus on the Richter scale rocked Port au Prince Haiti just before 5 pm yesterday, January 12, 2010. In addition to smashing buildings and killing more than 200,000 people, Haiti's devastating 12 January earthquake produced two 3-metre tsunamis, scientists announced on 24 February at … The collapsed buildings defining the landscape of the disaster area came as a consequence of Haiti’s lack of building codes. Encylclopaedia Britannica. the 2010 Haiti earthquake. She writes about the U.S. Economy for The Balance. Makeshift camps sprung up to shelter them. He was a research editor with Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. from 2008 to 2016 and worked on Britannica Blog from 2010... People picking through the rubble of their home after it was destroyed by a massive earthquake on January 12, 2010, in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Haiti’s Garment Industry: A Lost Cause, or Ready to Change? On January 12th, 2010, a country long devastated by corrupt leadership and extreme poverty was dealt another blow. 70102. In November 2011 several organizations filed claims against the United Nations asking that it take responsibility for the outbreak, install new water and waste-management systems, and compensate those who fell ill or lost relatives to cholera. The application of machine learning algorithms (MLAs) to earthquake damage detection is a relatively new area of study. In 2014, Haiti held the title of the most vulnerable country in the Latin American and Caribbean region, according to the United Nations University. Its economy still remains highly sensitive to natural hazards and climate change. René Préval to defer legislative elections that had been scheduled for the end of February. The U.S. Department of Justice asserted that the UN was immune from prosecution in 2014. (a) Summary of the present-day tectonic setting of Hispaniola. The epicenter of the Haiti earthquake was near the town of Leogane, approximately 16 miles west of Haiti’s capital, Port-Au-Prince. 423. An aerial view of Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on January 13, 2010, from a U.S. Coast Guard aircraft, following the 7.0-magnitude earthquake that occurred the previous day. In Port-au-Prince the cathedral and the National Palace were both heavily damaged, as were the United Nations headquarters, national penitentiary, and parliament building. Secondary shocks (aftershocks) hit … The earthquake on January 12, 2010 has caused an unprecedented situation in Haiti with enormous repercussions affecting all sectors of society, well beyond the areas directly affected by the catastrophe. On the scientific scale that measures the magnitude (or strength) of an earthquake, the quake scored a magnitude of 7.0 M w.The center of the earthquake was near Léogâne, very close to Port-au-Prince, the capital and largest city of Haiti.It was only about 25 kilometres (16 mi) west. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Authors: S. E. Hough. Haiti Earthquake. The first phase of this project has been completed and over … Though some provisional housing was erected before the onset of inclement weather, many persons remained in tents and other shelters that provided scant protection from the elements. In October 2010, cases of cholera began to surface around the Artibonite River. 2010: Earthquake 1. On January 12, 2010, Haiti was hit by a magnitude 7.0 earthquake (Richter scale), which caused devastating damage to its capital, Port-Au-Prince. “Haiti Earthquake Science: What Caused the Disaster,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. 1) Seven years later, 55,000 people still lived in the camps, according to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. The U.N. also reported that 2.5 million Haitians needed humanitarian aid. Efforts to level the worst such buildings, some of which precariously gripped the rims of ravines, were hampered by irate residents who refused to leave. However, when no surface deformation was observed, the rupturing of the main strand of the fault system was ruled out as a cause. A man carrying a child suffering from cholera to a treatment centre in Mirebalais, Haiti, June 2011. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/event/2010-Haiti-earthquake, GlobalSecurity.org - Haiti - 2010 earthquake, Federation of American Scientists - Haiti Earthquake: Crisis and Response. Other affected areas of the country—faced with comparable weaknesses—were similarly unprepared. United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. What Has Climate Change Cost Us? 423. the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Staff at the UN Mission in Haiti were also affected, and there were 102 UN casualties, including the Secretary-General’s Special Envoy, Hédi Annabi and his deputy, Luiz Carlos da Costa. [6] used aerial VHR RGB composite and LiDAR data (also from the RIT-ImageCAT UAS) along with eCognition for object segmentation and damage detection. There is still no consensual official data available, but the International Red Cross estimated that the earthquake affected about 3 million people. That's five times more than the total value of exports in 2012. Haitians who live abroad and send money back contribute one-fifth of the country’s gross domestic product. Trees cover 30% of the country. Colonists cut down trees for sugar and rubber plantations. They harvested mahogany and other precious hardwoods. The political instability created by the quake resulted in the postponement of municipal and senatorial elections scheduled for 2011 and 2012, respectively. The report cited the absence of cholera in Haiti during the previous decade and the emergence of a parallel outbreak of cholera in Kathmandu, the city from which the troops had departed Nepal. In addition, less than one-third of the population was steadily employed. A young earthquake survivor holds a piece of bread in a makeshift shelter in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Dealt another blow more were rendered homeless in more than 600,000 people left Port-au-Prince stay... 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