As (oceanic) plate subducts at ocean trenches, ... CASE STUDY. It detected the It measured 7.2 on the Richter Scale and lasted 20 seconds. major earthquake, giving people 20 minutes to get to safety. This was known as a megathrust earthquake. Earthquake and issued televised warnings just after the very rapid P-waves that In the Philippines the first week in July is now dedicated as 'National Disaster Consciousness Week'. All of the homeless people were dealt with reasonably quickly and the city recovered thanks to government money. Suitable for GCSE, AS Level, A Level Geography and beyond. The epicentre was 43 miles east of Tohoku at a depth of 20 miles. Nepal Earthquake 2015. The earthquake was the biggest ever recorded to have stuck Japan, at convergent DESTRUCTIVE boundary, with faults running off the boundary. Earthquake was reasonably good. Start studying Japan 2011 Earthquake/ Tsunami - MEDC tectonic hazard case study. descended. Japan earthquake and tsunami, severe natural disaster that occurred in northeastern Japan on March 11, 2011, and killed at least 20,000 people. Supported by the Geographical Association, this package brings the geography curricular to life through the use of eyewitness accounts, videos and maps. A year after the earthquake, 80% of the port was working but the Hanshin Expressway was still closed. of rescue and relief operations related to earthquake disasters (JMA). Share: Twitter Linkedin Facebook Challenge . There were several Geography - Forests Under Threat. The epicentre of the earthquake was 325km (200 miles) south-west of Santiago at a depth of 35 km (22 miles). The earthquake generated its own significant aftershocks; 2 Hours after the main earthquake - Largest aftershock of magnitude 5.9 Why did it happen? 2. Responses to the event (international and domestic) Immediate and long is set up for the prediction of earthquakes and tsunami. A massive 9.0-magnitude earthquake struck Japan, Friday afternoon, on 11 March 2011 @ 0546 GMT 2. Reducing vulnerability, increasing resilience. earthquake aftershocks declines with time from the largest event. 6. This information is put into the Earthquake Phenomena A devastating 7.8-magnitude earthquake struck northern Nepal, on April 25, 2015, injuring over 22,000 people and killing over 8,0001 in addition to causing significant infrastructure damage. Buildings in Japan are also designed to cope with Earthquakes, and The event began with a powerful earthquake off the coast of Honshu, Japan’s main island, which initiated a series of large … incoming tsunami waves for example. is equivalent to the energy needed to power every home in the USA for 50 days. It also This cause contamination of the sea and land, and force the during the disaster, and 10% of the fishing ports were damaged. Just 6 days after the quake a motorway was The tsunami waves that reached heights of up to 40 metres This The above information shows that Japan is highly vulnerable to NGOs and other Aid agencies helped too, with the governments and the National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster It is a (USGS, 11.03.11) According to scientists Japan has moved approximately 8 feet (2.4m) closer to North America and the force of the quake has caused the Earth to shift between 4 and 6.5 inches (10-16cm) on its axis. Shikoku and Kyushu. Where is Nepal located? Step 1: Complete the diagram activity in the first space on your worksheet. This information also plays a vital role as a trigger for the initiation A case study of an earthquake in a HIC.. What caused the Christchurch earthquake? highly developed infrastructure and level of development there was a lot to be Where did it happen? magnitude 6. Other effects included;
• Emergency aid for the city needed to use damaged roads but many of them were destroyed during the earthquake. Share: Twitter Linkedin Facebook Challenge . The The government and city authorities were criticised for being slow to rescue people and for refusing offers of help from other countries. days before the 8.9-9.0 magnitude earthquake of the 11th. A lot of the traditional wooden buildings survived the earthquake but burnt down in fires caused by broken gas and electricity lines. Eleven aftershocks were detected in the 2 … It is a megacity and has one of the largest container ports in the World. There were also 1235 aftershocks, many at 7 of above and Japanese • The worst affected area was in the central part of Kobe including the main docks and port area. Japan’s 2011 Tohoku/Fukushima earthquake was the costliest in history at nearly $300billion. The highest mountain on earth was shaken violently by the earthquake and as you now know, this caused a huge avalanche that swept down into Base Camp killing at least 17 people. On March 11, 2011, Japan experienced the strongest earthquake in its recorded history. In this instance it was the Eastern seaboard of Japan and the Island of trained people such as the Self-Defence Forces, a domestic response. It also The tsunami is a secondary consequence of this initial movement. reactors overheating completely and exploding. 30% of the worlds earthquakes occur close to Japan, so Earthquakes are common, The water cycle is a system with inputs, processes, stores and outputs. history. The engaging resource helps young people (aged 11-19) learn about the humanitarian impact of natural disasters, with case study examples from the Nepal earthquake. The economic losses are thought to be huge, given Japans Fukushima nuclear power plant also faced directly the epicentre of the leeway ion terms of planning for Earthquakes and tsunami. • Estimated cost to rebuild the basics = £100 billion. It is a megacity and has one of the largest container ports in the World. with their capacity to cope. (US$183 billion) to the banking system to normalize market conditions. This gave people a chance to get outside of buildings to safety. Japan had its emergency crews and the army on site very quickly after approximately 9.0. Kobe is located in the south east of Japan, near a destructive plate margin. 7. Most new buildings and roads have, in the last 20 years, been designed to be earthquake proof, schools and factories have regular earthquake drills, etc. The official death toll report confirmed 15,854 deaths, The JMA and government did a good job of monitoring and getting warning On 11 March 2011, a massive 9.0 earthquake occurred off the Japanese coastline at 14:46. The quake triggered a huge tsunami which swept inland near the city of Sendai in Miyagi prefecture. Cool rock sinks back down towards core. primary and secondary Hazards). The Bank of Japan offered 15 trillion Yen By January 1999, 134,000 housing units had been constructed but some people still had to live in temporary accommodation. plate subducted under the Eurasian plate. Japanese Red Cross reporting $1 billion in donations. The tsunami is a secondary consequence of this initial movement. Japan had its emergency crews and the army on site very quickly after 29 terms. Other roads were affected, limiting rescue attempts. Locals were totally unprepared for the disaster, despite it being a common earthquake area. Observation System (EPOS) at the headquarters in Tokyo. At this plate margin, the Pacific plate is being pushed under the Eurasian plate, stresses build up and when they are released the Earth shakes. Earthquakes, they occur here naturally and in high numbers. Despite this, many older buildings still collapsed or caught fire. network of about 200 seismographs and 600 seismic intensity meters. times more powerful than the Hiroshima nuclear bomb. A case study on the Eyjafjallajökull Icelandic Eruption of 2010. Christchurch Earthquake Case Study. The 2011 Japan Earthquake: Tōhoku. Be sure to label the plate boundaries as well as direction of movement. 4. Suitable for the Edexcel AS and A level Geography course. Japan has a huge GDP; it was $34,000 in 2011, which allows it huge [Click here to read an independent report] 1. result of the Tokyo (great Kanto) Earthquake of 1923. It struck offshore about 371 kilometres (231 mi) northeast of Tokyo and 130 kilometres (81 mi) east of the city of Sendai , and created a massive tsunami that devastated Japan's northeastern coastal areas. 40% of Japan’s coastline has sea walls of up to 10m high to withstand incoming tsunami … Japan experienced one of its largest seismic events on March 11 2011. ‘This is a recognition of the expansion of urban areas and an expression of the importance of building codes,’ says Andy Michael , a geophysicist with the United States Geological Survey (USGS) . 26,992 injured and 3,155 people missing across twenty prefectures. to people, and this probably saved many lives. arrived but before the more damaging S waves. Responses to the quake
Objective: To build up a case study of the earthquake and tsunami in Japan in 2011. Saved by BBC iPlayer. New laws were passed to make buildings and transport structures even more earthquake proof. was released this section of the Eurasian plate popped or bounced back Over 340,000 displaced people in the region needed power industry. It lasted 6 minutes. Where is the location of your HIC earthquake case study? Vulnerability 1. impact of the event (social, economic, environmental), in the short and Give 3 primary effects of the Gorkha Nepal earthquake. The nature of the hazard (type, magnitude, Kobe, Japan. cost was US$235 billion, making it the most expensive natural disaster in world severe structural damage in north-eastern Japan, including heavy damage to roads Aug 14, 2019 - Explore Jaycelkayesabinay's board "Earthquake fault" on Pinterest. the coast of Japan. Lesson 6: Japan’s Earthquake and Tsunami. A A CASE STUDY COLLECTION GCSE GEOGRAPHY AQA . The unexpected disaster was neither the largest nor the deadliest earthquake and tsunami to strike this century. also released a series of photographs showing the same areas directly after the Japan has been hit by a number of high-intensity earthquakes in the past. warnings from the JMSA also helped save lives. Measuring 6.3 on the Richter Scale and, at 4.99 km deep, the earthquake was very shallow. Water, electricity, gas, telephone services were fully working by July 1995 and the railways were back in service by August 1995
... Japan Earthquake. but the tsunami caused the most damage. Here the ground actually liquefied and acted like thick soup, allowing buildings to topple sideways. Effects
YELLOWSTONE, WYOMING. The boundary is to the East of the 4 main Japanese islands, Hokkaido, Honshu, Case study - Japan Tsunami, 2011. earthquake - what impact did JUST the earthquake It took the Government in Ankara 48 hours to organise emergency troops to go to the area. Interactive how Japan had recovered one year on. ranged from US$14.5 to $34.6 billion. Many people did not react quickly enough to the tsunami alert, and even 7.3 A.Hamill Japan GIS task. Kobe is located in the south east of Japan, near a destructive plate margin. There were also huge numbers of large sized aftershocks, as big as When the strain energy On March 11, 2011, Japan experienced the strongest earthquake in its recorded history. Around 4.4 million households in northeastern Japan were The earthquake that hit Kobe during the winter of 1995 measured 6.9 on the Richter scale. This. Earthquake happened was due to the build up in strain energy as the Pacific brave team of nuclear power plant workers battled bravely to prevent the nuclear network of about 200 seismographs and 600 seismic intensity meters. In Japan one day a year is dedicated to 'acting out' what to do in the event of an earthquake. plates in place, and was released as earthquake waves. Japan has a huge GDP; it was $34,000 in 2011, which allows it huge leeway ion terms of planning for Earthquakes and tsunami. Suitable for the Edexcel AS and A level Geography cours... Park's response curve applied to two examples - Japan tsunami of 2011 and Haiti earthquake of 2010. and fuel for survivors. The earthquake was the biggest ever recorded to have stuck Japan, at Japans mobile network. Case Study: Nepal Earthquake . Many people got outside during the earthquake and the response to the There was a magnitude 7.2 earthquake on the 9. hoku and can actually move with earthquake waves and reduce damage. 3. Estimates of insured losses from the earthquake alone The island of Honshu was moved 2.4 m east and shifted the Eleven aftershocks were detected in the 2 … The reason why the Tōhoku the event. This displaced the water longer term All of Japans ports had to close at least temporarily 2. The earthquake struck below the North Pacific Ocean, 130 kilometers (81 miles) east of Sendai, the largest city in the Tohoku region, a northern part of the island of Honshu. This meant no power for heating, lights, cooking, etc. The earthquake occurred on New Zealand’s South Island, 10km west of Christchurch, at 12.51pm on 22nd February 2011 and lasted just 10 seconds. collects data from over 3,600 seismic intensity meters managed by local The earthquake worsened the situations with a large part of the respondents to the Oxfam survey 2010 blaming the environmental issues for the huge damage incurred during and after the earthquake (Pierre 2010) Conclusion On the wake of January 12, 2010, Haiti was faced by one of the most severe natural tragedies on it is history. • More than 5000 died in the quake
The Eurasian plate was down warped (dragged down) as the Pacific plate Solutions;
Japan earthquake and tsunami On Friday 11 March 2011 at 2:46pm local time, an 8.9 magnitude earthquake struck close to the north east coast of Japan approximately 250 miles from Tokyo. The water cycle has distinctive processes and pathways. Give 3 primary effects of the HIC earthquake. 8 – Impacts and management of an earthquake in an LIDC – Nepal Gorkha earthquake 2015 The most worrying impact was on Japans famed nuclear More instruments were installed in the area to monitor earthquake movements. January 1995. The 1923 Great Kanto earthquake struck the Kanto plain on the Japanese main island of Honshu at 11:58 on the morning of September 1, 1923. It detected the The Japanese earthquake of Friday 11thMarch 2011 had a magnitude of 9 on the Richter scale. The earthquake and tsunami also caused extensive and Honshu that were vulnerable. Japan is located at the meeting point of 3 tectonic plates, The developed a high capacity to cope with both Earthquakes and tsunami. Park's response curve applied to two examples - Japan tsunami of 2011 and Haiti earthquake of 2010. What is a super volcano. but earthquakes of this size are rare. Although further from a plate margin than most of the cities in Japan, Kobe is still found on a fault line. Nepal is a landlocked country located in South Asia It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People's Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. its hypocenter, magnitude and observed seismic intensity. exposes high numbers of people to the hazards of tsunami. Citizens of The USA and New Zealand know what steps to take in an earthquake as public awareness has been raised via brochures and such like. tsunami and one year later, the response is incredible. This is known as an earthquake happening along a subduction zone. Japan has a huge GDP; it was $34,000 in 2011, which allows it huge In effect, Japan owes its existence to this boundary and the Islands are volcanic in origin. The economic losses are thought to be huge, given Japans Japan has a hazards agency, the Japanese Meteorological Agency, which Kobe is located in the south east of Japan, near a destructive plate margin. Case Study: Nepal Earthquake . Many of the damaged buildings in Kobe were built before this period and were made of wood, which caught fire. Electricity and water supplies were badly damaged over large areas. It also predicted the tsunami from this event just 3 minutes after the The coastline is also vulnerable, as the vast majority of people live on on the 1. Observation System (EPOS) at the headquarters in Tokyo Japan is located at the meeting point of 3 tectonic plates, The damaged. Hot Desert Environments and their Margins. Ecosystems. Case Study: How does Japan live with earthquakes? The earthquake occurred at 5.46am on the 17 th January 1995. The earthquake that hit Kobe during the winter of 1995 measured 6.9 on the Richter scale. 1 Contents Paper 1: Living in the Physical Environment The Challenges of Natural Hazards 1. To monitor earthquakes, the Japanese Meteorological Agency operates There was a magnitude 7.2 earthquake on the 9th of March, 2 The JMA broke this news on live television, and messages went out on Earth on its axis by estimates of between 10 cm and 25 cm. ... Hulme - Geography GCSE case study Although further from a plate margin than most of the cities in Japan, Kobe is still found on a fault line. is set up for the prediction of earthquakes and tsunami. radius of the Plant were evacuated. As a result of the high frequency of Earthquakes in this area Japan has The earthquake occurred on a fault running off this major plate boundary. Tōhoku approximately 9.0. • Raised motorways collapsed during the shaking. The earthquake also followed Omoris law, where the number & size of Buildings are earthquake proof and people in Japan are trained YEARLY on the 1 st of September in how to survive earthquakes, this is a result of the Tokyo (great Kanto) Earthquake of 1923. inland. repaired this shows the incredible rapidity with which the Japanese can work kilometres east of the Oshika Peninsula of Tōhoku and the hypocenter or FOCUS at The earthquake that hit Kobe during the winter of 1995 measured 6.9 on the Richter scale. Haiti Earthquake (2011) Page 2 2. SEE impact (include Trixabelle1. To monitor earthquakes, the Japanese Meteorological Agency operates The most worrying impact was on Japans famed nuclear an underwater depth of approximately 32 km (20 mi). A major earthquake struck the Maule/Bio-Bio regions of Chile on Saturday 27th of February, 2010 at 3.34am (local time). Complete with stunning images. This is due to The epicentre of the earthquake was 325km (200 miles) south-west of Santiago at a depth of 35 km (22 miles). Sulawesi, Indonesia Earthquake and Tsunami 2018. waves amplified in this soil and caused liquefaction. Japans high level of development means that buildings are made to be life safe The earthquake struck below the North Pacific Ocean, 130 kilometers (81 miles) east of Sendai, the largest city in the Tohoku region, a northern part of the island of Honshu. power plant. volcanic in origin. A magnitude 9.0 earthquake occurred 70km off the coast of the northern island of Honshu where the Pacific and North American plate meet. There were 7 foreshocks, including a magnitude 7.2 earthquake on the 9th Live footage of the actual The epicenter approximately 70 • More than 102,000 buildings were destroyed in Kobe, especially the older wooden buildings. This resulted in a social impact; residents within a 20 km 74 terms. Thousands of people were killed, and large parts of a number of mid-sized towns and cities were destroyed. another near 700,000 buildings partially damaged. an underwater depth of approximately 32 km (20 mi).